立場新聞 Stand News

「國際人權日」反令人權更遭侵害?

2020/12/10 — 23:12

圖片素材來源:中國維權律師關注組製圖、Rudez Zhong @ Pixabay

圖片素材來源:中國維權律師關注組製圖、Rudez Zhong @ Pixabay

今天是 2020 年 12 月 10 日,亦是聯合國「國際人權日」70 周年。從 1950 年起聯合國訂定每年的 12 月 10 日為「國際人權日」,於當天會有不同類型之活動,如研討會及講座,讓不同團體檢視過去保障人權之狀況,以及推進人權保障之發展。

惟這第 70 個「國際人權日」對中國維權律師可說是相當「不平凡」。《立場新聞》昨天亦有相關報導,記述了從 12 月 9 日早上,多名維權律師及家屬們均在社交媒體上載片段及消息,包括王全璋律師李和平律師謝燕益律師余文生律師妻子許艷以及他們的家屬。唐吉田律師則早在 12 月 8 日在北京被公安帶走。指他們被國保堵截住所門口,導致未能外出,並且遭國保指稱在 12 月 9 日及 12 月 10 日之間均不會讓他們外出,甚至連他們的小孩希望上學也遭國保阻止。在 12 月 9 日不同時候仍大概可看見他們在社交媒體上的更新,惟在「國際人權日」正日的今天則再沒有看到他們在社交媒體上的任何資訊。

中國在 2020 年 10 月重新入選成為聯合國「人權理事會」一員,因此外界均期許中國將致力落實保障人權的措施及政策,以顯示其在加入一個世界上具領導地位的人權機構後的承諾及擔當。因此民眾在「國際人權日」參與各項討論及推進人權發展的活動應是理所當然,中國作為「人權理事會」一員這身份甚至應令中國有責任確保民眾可以安全及和平地參與這等活動。惟觀乎這兩天中國維權律師的遭遇,中國的行徑始乎仍與世界期望有明顯落差。民眾不單被阻撓參與人權活動,而且遭到完全缺乏法理依據的任意拘留(被逼留在家中不准外出)。若報導屬實,中國這等行徑與其為聯合國「人權理事會」一員所應實踐的保障可謂南轅轍,大相徑庭。

廣告

一個公平、公開、及公正的司法系統對中國的全面發展尤為重要。中國維權律師致力透過和平以及訴諸於司法系統的方式推動中國人權的發展,他們的工作理應有利於中國整體發展。但近年中國維權律師遭當局大力打壓,為數不少律師遭當局監視,拘留,吊銷牌照,監禁,方式所在多有,不一而足。維權律師透過利用司法系統保障百姓人權的願景看來仍是遙遙無期……

中國作為多項國際人權條約的簽署國以及締約國,現在甚至是「人權理事會」一員,但中國公民的人權在「國際人權日」當日仍被侵犯。僅寄望中國遵守其人權理事會成員的義務,以及為各人權公約之締約國的責任,確保普羅大眾以及維權律師的人權保障得以妥善彰顯。

廣告

Turning Human Rights Day into a Day for Attacking Human Rights Defenders

Today is 10 December 2020, which also marks the United Nations’ Human Rights Day. Since 1950, the United Nations has designated 10 December every year as "Human Rights Day". There will be different types of activities on that day, such as seminars and lectures, allowing different groups to review the status of the protection of human rights in the past and promote the protection of human rights.

However, Human Rights Day in 2020 can be said to be quite "extraordinary" for Chinese human rights lawyers. Reports from Stand News (立場新聞) also stated that from the morning of 9 December, a number of human rights lawyers and their family members uploaded clips and news on social media, including Wang Quanzhang, Li Heping, Xie Yangyi, and Yu Wensheng’s wife Xu Yan, alleging that they were blocked by the national security officers at the door of their residence to prevent them from going out. Lawyer Tang Jitian was taken away by public security officers as early as on 8 December. The authority also claimed that they would not be allowed to go out between December 9 and December 10, and even their children wishing to go to school were blocked. They still put updates on social media at different times on December 9, but there has been not much updates from then.

China was re-elected as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council in October 2020. Therefore, the outside world expects that China will work hard to implement human rights protection measures and policies to demonstrate its commitment after joining the world's leading human rights institution. As such, China should allow its people to participate in various discussions and promote human rights development activities on Human Rights Day safely and peacefully. Only after the experience of Chinese human rights lawyers in the past two days, China's actions still lag far behind the world's expectations. People are not only obstructed from participating in human rights activities, but they are also detained arbitrarily (forced to stay at home and not allowed to go out) without legal basis.

A fair, open, and just judicial system is particularly important to China's overall development. Chinese human rights lawyers are committed to promoting the development of human rights in China through peaceful means and resorting to the judicial system. Their work should be appreciated, yet recently what we see is that they are vigorously suppressed by the authorities. Many lawyers have been monitored, detained, revoked licenses, and imprisoned by the authorities. The vision of human rights lawyers to protect the human rights of the people through the use of the judicial system seems to be far away...

As a signatory to many international human rights treaties, and a member of the Human Rights Council, China shall respect its status and to ensure that the protection of human rights is properly demonstrated.

中國維權律師關注組製圖

中國維權律師關注組製圖

 

中國維權律師關注組 Facebook

發表意見