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廣州「世界律師大會」 取消國際律師協會主席發言 講稿推廣法治司法獨立

2019/12/21 — 12:59

由中國司法部支持的「世界律師大會」本月初於廣州舉行,當局聲稱邀請 57 個國家的 800 多名嘉賓出席。總部設於巴黎的「國際律師協會」日前發聲明,透露協會主席 Jerry Roth 原本獲邀於大會上作主題演講,但按要求提交演講稿後,其發言卻被取消。其原定演講內容圍繞法治、權力分立、司法獨立等。國際律師協會對當局表示失望,又批評中國官方宣揚「中國特色的法治」,乃扭曲法治原意。

國際律師協會本周二(17 日)於網站發表聲明,指協會的使命是維護人權、確保法律專業的獨立性,提倡法治 (Rule of Law) 等,亦會嘗試向不同國家合作,推廣法治。聲明指,基於上述原因,協會主席 Jerry Roth 決定接受邀請,參與廣州「世界律師大會」並進行主題演講。然而當 Roth 按主辦方要求提交最終版本的演講稿後,其發言就遭取消。

聲明列出 Roth原 定演講全文,內容主要圍繞法治的定義,以及司法獨立對法治的重要,又提到要律師有責任守護法治,以至保護其他律師。(全文見文末)

廣告

國際律師協會指,Roth 在會上就發言被取消向主辦方表達不滿,又強烈反對法治有不同的版本,「簡單來說,法治只有一個定義,一個普世的定義。」

世界律師大會本月 9 至 10 日於廣州舉行,活動由中華全國律師協會主辦,中國司法部支持。司法部其後於網站刊出一篇有關當日活動的報道,指該大會為中國舉辦的第一次世界律師盛會,有 57 個國家的 800 多名代表圍繞「科技進步與法律服務」這大會主題「暢所欲言」。

廣告

該報道指,在新中國成立 70 年來,在中國共產黨的領導下,「依法治國、依法執政、依法行政共同推進,法治國家、法治政府、法治社會一體建設,取得了舉世矚目的法治成就。」文章又引述新加坡內政部長兼律政部長,以及歐盟律師協會會長的說法,指與會嘉賓對中國的發展成就、法治進步和制度優勢都給予「高度評價」。

Jerry Roth 原定演講全文:

“We are involved in promoting and defending the Rule of Law in the true and full meaning of that phrase as it has been internationally accepted, including by the United Nations. Rule of law means, among other things, accountability of political authorities of a nation to its citizens, separation of powers, and laws that are publicly promulgated, equitably enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards. In this context, we also promote and defend the essential principles of the legal profession, and the unique role that both individual lawyers and bar associations play as privileged guardians and defenders of citizens' rights and of the Rule of Law. We advocate for the independence of the bar and of the judiciary, without which there is no Rule of Law. And we play an important role defending lawyers around the world who are unable to discharge their functions freely, independently and without fear of reprisal – what we call in French “défense de la défense” or “defending the defenders…

I’m happy to be here today because I believe we have a real opportunity to exchange ideas, information and possible joint projects with our fellow Chinese lawyers on topics such as... the social responsibilities lawyers bear including with respect to protecting the Rule of Law in its fullest sense and to protecting fellow lawyers. Needless to say, some of these areas present challenges that require hard thinking and engaged discussion – particularly where we see values we believe are core to the legal profession being threatened around the world.”

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